Have you ever wondered what the root zone of the Himalayas looks like? The rocks in the Solbjørgnipa area, called gneisses, were formed in the root zone of an ancient mountain chain that dominated the landscape in Magma Geopark a billion year ago. This hike takes you to see beautiful scenery, geology and cultural history.
Solbjørngnipa (Duration: 3-5 hours)
About 925 million years ago, molten rock (magma) was building up pressure deep below the surface of the earth. The pressure forced the magma into the gneisses and formed a huge magma chamber. The floor of this chamber is located about 500 meters southeast of the summit of Solbjørgnipa. Slow crystallization of this magma was interrupted several times when new magma was forced into the chamber and mixed with what was already there. In many places, crystallization produced rocks with a distinct layered structure, but this is not evident near Solbjørgnipa. The summit and surrounding high ground of Solbjørgnipa consists of rocks that have a streaky appearance with the minerals quartz and feldspar. These rocks were originally granite, but have been stretched to form granitic gneisses.
On the way to Solbjørgnipa, the path passes old burial mounds and round pits used to burn coal in medieval times. Halfway to the top there is an old hunting trap where the last wolf in Bjerkreim is said to have be captured. The summit of Solbjørgnipa, reaching 437 meters above sea level, looks over the layered intrusion extending for almost 40 km to the southeast. The ancient mountain chain has been eroded away during millions of years and the scenery surrounding Solbjørgnipa shows you the roots of these long gone mountains. Magma Geopark organizes guided tours to all the destinations in the area with specialised guides.
You will find Solbjørgnipa by driving along the E39 to Bjerkreim where you exit towards Bjerkreim. Follow that road until you see a sign to Ognedal and Kløgetvedttunet where you turn onto this road. Drive towards Kløgetvedttunet until you reach Fjermedalstjørna (a small lake) where you exit on your right near a red bus shelter. Follow this road to the last farm where you can park your car.
Leaflet at: https://issuu.com/magmageopark/docs/solbjorgnipa