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Geological Heritage

Brief geological story of Magma Geopark

With its unique European geology, Magma UNESCO Global Geopark is one of he UNESCO Global Geoparks in the world today. In Magma Geopark you are in an area that was once 20 km below the earth’s surface, and which was covered by mountain ranges the size of the Himalayas. Down here, the rocks around the rock melt were ten times hotter than boiling water. At this high temperature, and under great pressure, the magma began to solidify and crystallize. The result is several very interesting types of igneous and crystallized rocks. An example is anorthosite. This is the same rock that is found on the surface of the moon. One can therefore say that in Magma Geopark you can find out what it is like to walk on the moon!
For several thousand million years, the large mountain ranges that covered the Magma Geopark were worn down by hot and cold periods. Many of the cold periods were so cold that we call them ice ages. During these periods, the whole of Norway was covered by ice. There have been about 200 such ice ages. As the last ice age approached its end, about 10,000 years ago, the ice and the enormous amounts of meltwater left their last traces in the landscape. The ice left, among other things, exciting sculptures made of stones of all sizes and shapes. Some balance, others stand on top of each other and some, like Trollpikken, protrude from the mountain.After the last ice age came the Stone Age. During this period, people came across the ice from Denmark and settled at the ice front. These first humans were engaged in fishing and hunting. Later, in the Bronze Age, people began to settle in more permanent settlements. Here they built homes and cultivated the land. In Magma Geopark we find traces of people from the Stone Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age, Viking Age, Middle Ages, modern history and World War II, and these different periods have affected the landscape and the area in different ways. In Magma Geopark you can come and hear exciting stories about how humans and geological processes have shaped and influenced nature and the landscape that we can see around us today.