locality

Koldal & Ankershus

58°25’28.164”N 6°7’35.739”E

Koldal & Ankershus

Old mining site in Eigersund, short walk

How to get there

Parking: From Egersund take the RV 44 towards Sokndal. 400 m after the town hall, turn left along the FV56 towards “Koldal”. Follow the FV56 for about 6 km and park on the left by the dam at Lievatnet.

Accessibility: Easy to moderate hike. Marked trails.

Duration: 15 min to Ankershus.

Special conditions:

  • Park at the parking place and show respect for private land.
  • Show respect to animals along the trail.
  • Don’t forget to close gates behind you so that animals would not get away.
  • Dogs have to be on leash.
  • Leave nothing but footprints!
What Three Words

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History and culture

There is a long history of mining for ilmenite in Rogaland. The first mines were opened in 1785, near Koldal about 6 kilometres east of Egersund. Ilmenite contains both iron and titanium, and 3000 tons of ore were removed over 11 years to extract iron. There were, however, problems with the smelting process and mining ceased in 1796. In 1861 mining restarted, this time for titanium. A railway was built to transport the ore 7 km to the coast. Wagons filled with ore ran down to the sea from an elevation of 118 m. The empty wagons were pulled back uphill by horses. Mining here ceased in 1881 and became concentrated further east in Rogaland. The ore is developed in a narrow, east-west zone near the boundary between anorthosite and gneisses, and occurs in very ilmenite-rich lenses.

Mining took place at about 30 locations along this zone, one of which was at Ankerhus. Ilmenite is a black, metallic mineral, but the economic product (titanium oxide) is white. It is used as a pigment in paint, plastic and paper, but also in cosmetic products (including sun tan lotion and make up), medicine and food (where it is known as E171).

 

Pictures from Koldal & Ankershus

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